Guinea Pig Care

Are you thinking about adopting a Guinea pig? These adorable little furballs make great pets! Just like any other animal, Guinea pigs, or cavies, as they are sometimes called, need a comfy home, a good diet, and proper care in order to thrive. A Riverside County, CA vet goes over some of the basic points of good Guinea pig care in this article.


A comfy cage is very important to keeping your Guinea pig healthy, happy, and safe. For one cavy, you’ll need to get a cage that is at least 7.5 square feet. To increase your pet’s floor space without taking up extra room, look for one that has a second story with ramp access. Once you have the cage, you’ll need to add the requisite cavy furnishings and supplies. Start with a safe, suitable substrate, such as aspen. Avoid substrates made of pine or cedar, as well as clay or clumping kitty litters: these are dangerous to little furballs. Your tiny pet will also need a hidey-hole, water bottle, food bowls, and plenty of fun playthings.


Be sure to feed your furry pal a good, nutritious diet. We recommend giving your cavy plenty of quality grass hay, such as Timothy hay. Guinea pigs can have commercial pellet foods for their main meals. You’ll need to supplement these things with fresh, cavy-safe produce, including plenty of foods that contain Vitamin C. Some suitable options include carrots, Romaine lettuce, cucumbers, red or green bell peppers, and kale. Always research new foods before giving them to your pet, and introduce things slowly. Ask your vet for specific recommendations.


Guinea pigs are very curious and playful little furballs. Give your tiny pet lots of fun toys to keep him from getting bored. Cavies need to chew quite a bit to keep their teeth healthy, so include plenty of suitable chew toys. Items made out of cardboard, wood, and paper can make great cavy playthings. Here’s a tip: give your furry pal the cardboard tubes from toilet paper and paper towel rolls. Just be sure never to give your pet anything with sharp edges or small pieces, and stay away from items that have been printed, dyed, stained, or varnished. Ask your vet for advice.

Do you have questions about Guinea pig care? Call us, your Riverside County, CA vet clinic, anytime. We are here to help!

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